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kharjuri - Phoenix sylvestris Roxb.

kharjuri :

kharjuri  : Phoenix sylvestris Roxb. Phoenix sylvestris (sylvestris - Latin, of the forest) also known as silver date palm, Indian date, sugar date palm or wild date palm,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the palm family native to southern Pakistan, most of India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma and Bangladesh. It is also reportedly naturalized in Mauritius, the Chagos Archipelago, Puerto Rico and the Leeward Islands. Growing in plains and scrubland up to 1300 m above sea level, the fruit from this palm species is used to make wine and jelly. The sap is tapped and drunk fresh or fermented into toddy. The fresh sap is boiled to make palm jaggery in West Bengal state of India and Bangladesh.

Taxonomical Classification

Kingdom: Plantae - Plants
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Phoenix
Species: P. sylvestris


Sanskrit: नेपाली Nepali, खर्जूरी Kharjuri, खर्जूरः Kharjurh
English: wild date, date sugar palm , Wild date palm, Date palm, Silvester Palm
Hindi: खजूर Khajur, सेंधी Sendhi
Urdu: کهجور Khajur
Telugu: ఈత Ita
Bengali: খর্জূর Kharjura, খেজুর Khejura
Marathi: खारीक Kharik, खर्जूरी Kharjuri, खर्जूर Kharjur, शिंदी Shindi, शिंद Shinda
Konkani: खाज्जूर Khajjur
Oriya: Khorjurri
Gujarathi: ખજૂરી Khajuri
Tamil: ஈந்துபனை Inthupaanai, காட்டீஞ்சு Kattinchu
Malayalam: കാട്ടീന്തല്‍ Kaattiinthal, കാടിനൊത്ത Kaattiintha, Kattinta, നീലന്തെണ്ട് Niilanthent
Kannada: ಈಚಲು Ichalu, Eechalu, ಖರ್ಜೂರ Kharjura
Arabic: nakhl barrî
Assamese: Bonoriya-khejur, খাজুৰি Khaajuri
Chinese: ye sheng ci kui, yin hai zao
French: palmier dattier sauvage
German: Indische waldpalme, silber-dattelpalme, tannenpalme, walddattelpalme, wilder dattelpalme
Nepal: kandela, taadii
Sinhalese: indi


Synonyms in Ayurveda: kharjuri, kharjura, kharaskandha, dushpradharsha, durauha, nihshreni, kashaya, yavaneshta, haripriya, kharjura


From seed; germinate in a damp paper towel & From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium


  • Seed collecting: Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing


Phoenix sylvestris ranges from 4 to 15 m in height and 40 cm in diameter; not as large as the Canary Island Date Palm, but nearly so, and resembling it. The leaves are 3 m long, gently recurved, on 1 m petioles with acanthophylls near the base. The leaf crown grows to 10 m wide and 7.5 to 10 m tall containing up to 100 leaves. The inflorescence grows to 1 metre with white, unisexual flowers forming to a large, pendent infructescence. The single-seeded fruit ripens to a purple-red colour.

Photos of kharjuri -

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